Archaeological Museum Harappa
Harappa Museum was established in 1926 by the then Department of Archaeology. The Building constructed was hardly suitable for a museum and appeared to be merely a store of antiquities. In 1966 a suitable building for the museum was constructed by the Department of Archaeology,Government of Pakistan.
Harappa is the first site where the remains of one of the most ancient civilizations of the world were revealed.
Th ancient site is situated on the left bank of the old of the Ravi river, at a distance of four miles from Harappa railway station. It is connected with the Karachi-Lahore High-way by a metalled link-road of four mile distance. Sahiwal city lies at a distance of 17 miles north-east of the remains.
Six Alexander Cunningham a pionee archaeologist inspected the ancient site of Harappa in 1856 and found a staetiite seal and a few chart blades indicating some ancient civilization.
Unfortunately before the area was diclared protected in 1920. It was disturbed and spoiled immensely immensely. In the middle of last century a British read-engineer named William Bounton dug out the ancient remains in search of the brick-ballast was laying between Lahore to Multan. The people of modern town of Harappa also removed ancient bricks from the remains for utilising in the construction of their wellings.
The site remained un-attended for the next seventy years, when in January 1921 regular excavation work was conducted by the archaeological Survey of India, which continued from 1921 to 1937 intermitently. After wards the diggings were carried out under supervision of Sir Nortimer wheeler in 1946.
A portion of massive fortificat-wall of Harappa built of mud-bricks and a lower city having important public and private buildings were uncovered.
Later excavations carried out by Department of Archaeology, Government of Pakistan, revealed interesting results pertaining to the burial system of Harappa people.
Excavations at Harappa haveyielded thousands of antiquities of most remarkable kind, belonging to the ancient inhabitants of Bronze age as early as 2700 years B.C.
Unfavourable climate, temperature, water-logging salinity and bad drainage are responsible for quick decay integration of the excavated remains which the Department of Archaeology is currently combating to save.